I soon landed a job at Barbara Matera Ltd. There I learned many couture techniques while making spectacular gowns and historical costumes, but it was the beading done at the shop that caught my eye. Working for a second costume shop gave me more hand-on experience with beading on fabric.
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That led me to take a series of seed bead jewelry classes. A bead crochet class with Miriam Milgram opened my eyes to the possibilities of tubular bead crochet and prompted my study of antique bead crochet snakes. Miriam had made her own version of the bead crochet snakes produced by women in Balkan villages and promised to teach a class in making a snake. When that didn't happen, I started my own research, discovered photos of antique bead crochet snakes made by Balkan villagers and Turkish prisoners of war during World War I, and figured out my own bead crochet snake pattern.
I, however, didn't want something that would just sit on a table so I made snake necklaces and bracelets. Other beaders had questions about the antique snakes and wanted my patterns to make their own snake jewelry, so I ended up writing Bead Crochet Snakes: History and Technique. Although bead crochet snakes took over my life for many years, I now have time to return to other beading. Because of my love of fiber, I continue to explore mixing fiber and beads.
The size of each circle is proportionate to the amount design on their chins. Both designs may signify Allah, the of beadwork estimated to have been made in that area. IB, top. Less common inscriptions include a place made by Ottoman prisoners of war. The backs of examples I have seen include the date Rarer yet are the snakes were crocheted with seed beads in zig-zag and snakes with Turkish inscriptions in Arabic script. As almost no Ottoman prisoners could write English for the welfare of the prisoners.
The date and the how the prisoners produced the inscriptions on the snakes location at which it was made indicate this snake was they created. Kettlewell brought his snake, which is cm paper to those interested in making beadwork souvenirs long, home when he returned from the war and displayed it Flora Book pers. When a soldier wanted proudly on the sideboard in his drawing room in Yorkshire. IB, bottom. The inscription on one snake, commissioned them.
The Turkish soldier who made this cm-long snake was Some inscribed snakes have family provenance and probably captured at Gallipoli and sent to a prison camp in inscriptions to confirm they were made at Salonika and on Cyprus where he made it in The Kettlewell snake is a very rare early Turkish prisoner-of-war beadwork piece A beadwork snake made on Cyprus in was brought with family provenance. It was a gift from a Turkish prisoner home to northeast England by Ernest Hislop who served in to Maurice Kettlewell, a British army cook in a prisoner-of- the Collingwood Battalion of the Royal Naval Division at war camp at Salonika, in gratitude for Kettlewell's concern Gallipoli.
There In January , when the Red Cross delegation visited he received the Military Medal and shrapnel wounds in both Bilbeis Camp 65 km northeast of Cairo, they reported a legs for his part in clearing German snipers from the French population of prisoners.
Prisoners from the Suez Canal village of Niergnies near Cambrai as part of the offensive to and Palestine swelled the camp population and by , the capture the Hindenburg Line in Like most soldiers, camp held an estimated 35,, Ottoman prisoners Hislop would not talk about his war experiences even to his Pye A rare prisoner-of-war snake with a Turkish wife and children. IC, bottom.
Williams, Adjunct, Belbeis [sic], Egypt P of W Camp and presented by them to him on Egypt relinquishing the post to be invalided home in September Most inscribed Turkish prisoner-of-war snakes and other beadwork pieces were made in Egypt at camps near A Nottingham coal miner brought home a cm-long Cairo. A prisoner captured in Palestine probably made it in of-war camps in Egypt to describe the excellent conditions a prisoner-of-war camp in Egypt.
Leslie Burrowes, an Australian soldier in prisoners of war would be treated equally well. The published the 10th Light Horse Regiment, enlisted on October 20, , reports of their visits provide interesting contemporary views of prison-camp life International Committee of the Red and was wounded in the jaw and face at Gallipoli. When he recovered in , he was sent to ,the Western Front in France Cross In , he was sent to the concentrated on living quarters, clothing, food, hygiene, Middle East where he was wounded once more. Burrowes and medical care, they sometimes included information on was hospitalized in Cairo for a chronic illness and, while recreational activities available to the prisoners.
Only the he was recuperating, commissioned a large beadwork snake report on Maadi camp, located 16 km south of Cairo with a with a lizard in its mouth from a Turkish prisoner of war at population of 5, Turkish prisoners, refers to "articles of a nearby camp. The snake is beaded in a diamond design coloured beads-handbags, purses, necklaces, bracelets, etc with green, turquoise, and pink beads, with black borders -which show considerable artistic taste Instead Hawthorne pers. He had eye problems that sent him to hospital British authorities transported them by rail to established at Cairo in and , where he probably commissioned camps in Egypt.
Heliopolis Camp, northeast of Cairo, a large beadwork snake from a prisoner in one of the camps housed 3, prisoners at the time of the Red Cross visit near Cairo. A snake This snake is very long: cm Pl. ID, bottom. It is cm War I prisoner-of-war beadwork pieces brought back by long Pl. ID, top. Australian soldiers.
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One such seller, adorned with several beadwork snakes, is dressed in an old British uniform, possibly discarded from a local military hospital Fig. Although the repatriation of captured Ottoman soldiers held in British and Australian prisoner-of-war camps began in , some prisoners were not returned to their countries of origin until , and inscribed prisoner-of-war beadwork pieces continued to be made through A short, unattributed newspaper article, "The Turkish Serpent," with a photograph of a Turkish beadwork snake, was published in either or Fig.
Concerning it a nautical reader writes: "The snake measures almost five feet in length, and is curled up as though in readiness to strike, but is actually quite harmless, being made entirely of Figure S. Street vendor displaying his Turkish prisoner-of- coloured beads-about fifty thousand of them- war beadwork, ca. This exquisite piece of work was done by a Turkish prisoner-of-war during his spell of captivity in Egypt Apart Great Britain from being a craftsman, he must have possessed About one hundred Turkish prisoners mostly civilians amazing patience and industry, for this spare-time were interned at Knockaloe Camp on the Isle of Man.
Island job kept him occupied for over two years! Constantinople for repatriation. During the voyage I spent about an hour each day with him, bargaining Frank C. Quayle , a local historian, commented for the serpent; which I greatly admired.
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Priced that: 'hardened,' as they say on the Stock Exchange, Turkish prisoners with a detailed knowledge of while the ship was passing through the Dardanelles, wild life in their native land, produced a great but shortly before coming to anchor near the Golden variety of beaded snakes.
So realistic were these Horn we reached an agreement, and the bead snake snakes in execution and colouring that I have seen became my property in return for the sum of ten people back away from them as if they were alive.
Figure 6. Newspaper article about "The Turkish Serpent" photographer unknown. Two published sources that describe the extensive My extensive collection of World War I war souvenirs crafts program at World War I prisoner-of-war camps on includes many identified pieces from other British prisoner- the Isle of Man do not mention or illustrate any beadwork of-war camps but no beadwork pieces. Crocheted beadwork lizards, glass bottles covered with It is possible that Manxmen brought home the snakes crocheted beads, loomwork beaded bands, necklaces and associated with families on the Isle of Man as gifts for their belts, and netted and loomwork beadwork purses are other loved ones.
Manxmen answered the call for army service in interesting pieces made by World War I Turkish prisoners great numbers proportionate to the population of the island of war. Many war souvenirs were crocheted lizards, each of which has a personality of its not appreciated by the families to whom they were given own.
They are primarily decorated in diamond patterns but and were often consigned to attics or basements where examples with zig-zag decoration and spotted backs also they languished for decades. By the time house clearances exist. Most examples are not inscribed, but some bear dates brought them to museums or to the antiques market, specific from to on their bellies.
Six examples are shown details of their origins had been forgotten. IIA, top. Crocheted in a diamond pattern in green, blue, and various designs at each end in gold and dark blue beads on pink beads on an amber background with green eyes, pink a turquoise background. Three beadwork tassels depend from the bottom of the belt.
It is 65 cm long excluding the cotton ends 2. Crocheted in a diamond pattern in amber, white, by 15 cm wide including the suspended decorations.
Bead Crochet Snakes History Technique by Adele Rogers Recklies
An elaborate belt executed in variously colored beads 3. Crocheted in a diamond pattern with pink, blue, exhibits two British flags as well as an American one Pl.
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There are also depictions of birds, some sort eyes and blue lips. The white belly is inscribed ; of quadruped, possibly a lizard, and a building with a cross 17 cm long. Crocheted in a diamond pattern with pink, green, what appears to be the Arabic date which equates with red, and black beads on an amber background with a zig- in the Gregorian calendar.
The discrepancy in dates zag pattern in red and green on the sides. The rear legs is uncertain. Perhaps was the year the prisoner was and tail are missing. The white belly bears the date ; captured. The American flag is also problematic as there 14 cm long.
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