In many cases, blindness and vision loss are preventable. The Academy recommends that adults with no signs or risk factors for eye disease get a baseline eye disease screening at age For individuals at any age with symptoms of or at risk for eye disease, the Academy recommends that individuals see their ophthalmologist to determine how frequently their eye should be examined.
Preventive Eye Care and Eye Examinations Are Important
Find an Ophthalmologist. Academy Store. Ojo rojo. Recent Ask an Ophthalmologist Answers Can my retinal thinning be a sign of cognitive decline? Can my nerve damage be related to my strabismus? Will Humira affect eyes with wet macular degeneration? Can I get IOLs with prism correction?
You may not realize that health problems affecting other parts of your body can affect your vision as well. People with diabetes or hypertension high blood pressure , or who are taking medications that have eye-related side effects, are at greatest risk for developing vision problems. Regular eye exams are even more important as you reach your senior years.
The American Optometric Association recommends annual eye examinations for everyone over age See your doctor of optometry immediately if you notice any changes in your vision. In the years after you turn 60, a number of eye diseases may develop that can change your vision permanently. The earlier these problems are detected and treated, the more likely you can retain good vision. The following are some vision disorders to be aware of:.
If you are 60 or older, driving a car may be increasingly difficult. Age-related vision changes and eye diseases can negatively affect your driving abilities, even before you are aware of symptoms.
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Some age-related vision changes that commonly affect seniors' driving are:. Unfortunately, some people over 60 lose sight beyond the normal, age-related vision changes. Macular degeneration, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy are among the eye health conditions that can lead to permanent vision loss in varying degrees and forms. Visual acuity alone is not a good predictor of a person's degree of visual difficulty.
Someone with relatively good acuity e. Other visual factors, such as poor depth perception, limited side vision, extreme sensitivity to lights and glare, and reduced color perception, can also limit a person's ability to do everyday tasks. Low-vision rehabilitative services can provide people with the help and resources they need to regain their independence.
These services can teach people with low vision a variety of techniques that allow them to perform daily activities with their remaining vision. Your doctor of optometry can help plan a rehabilitation program so that you can live an independent life within your condition's limitations. A wide variety of rehabilitation options are available to help people with low vision live and work more effectively, efficiently and safely. Most people benefit from one or more low-vision treatment option s.
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The more commonly prescribed devices are:. In addition, numerous other products can assist those with a vision impairment, such as large-type books, magazines, and newspapers; books on tape; talking wristwatches; self-threading needles; and more. Talk with your optometrist to learn more about your available options. Adult Vision: Over 60 Years of Age. Age-related Eye and Vision Problems In the years after you turn 60, a number of eye diseases may develop that can change your vision permanently.
The following are some vision disorders to be aware of: Age-related macular degeneration AMD is an eye disease that affects the macula the center of the light-sensitive retina at the back of the eye and causes central vision loss. Although small, the macula is the part of the retina that allows us to see fine detail and colors. Activities like reading, driving, watching TV and recognizing faces all require good central vision provided by the macula. While macular degeneration decreases central vision, peripheral or side vision remains unaffected.
Cataracts are cloudy or opaque areas in the normally clear lens of the eye. Depending upon their size and location, they can interfere with normal vision. Usually cataracts develop in both eyes, but one may be worse than the other. Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that occurs in people with diabetes.
It is the result of progressive damage to the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina. These damaged blood vessels leak blood and other fluids that cause retinal tissue to swell and cloud vision.
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